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TOEFL Question

Dadaism
 
 
 The political turmoil of World War I in Europe had many effects upon global culture. Perhaps the most surprising was the Dada art movement. ■ A) Dadaism was born in natural Zurich, Switzerland, during a meeting of artists from various countries. Many artists found themselves estranged from their cultures as war erupted around them. ■ B) Many were upset about the rationale behind the war. In 1916, a group of artists congregated to express disapproval of the war and rejection of society at large. This included its social and artistic traditions. ■ C) As stated in the Dada manifesto of 1918, Dada art rejected both the popular artistic traditions of the era and society’s participation in World War l. ■ D)
 The only real point of the Dada movement was to disturb the apathy of the masses, as the artists observed it. Dadaists felt that rejecting the traditional conceptions of art was the most effective way to show their protest of modern society’s priorities. These, they believed, led to war. ● A) They felt that the reason and logic of society had become its downfall. Therefore, their art rejected the reason and logic that Dadaists perceived was an intergral part of traditional art. ● B) In fact, many Dadaists called their movement the “anti-art.” Some even refused to call Dada an art movement at all. ● C) Dadaists often used their art to call Dada an art movement at all. ● C) Dadaists often used their art to attempt to offend the sensibilities of the American ART News called the movement “the sickest, most paralyzing, and most destructive thing that has ever originated from the brain of man.” Dadaists certainly had the effect that they intended. ● D)
 ◆ A) The war itself, not just the cultures that led to it, was also a focus of the scorn of Dadaists. ◆ B) Since the purpose of the original congregation of those that formed Dana was to censure the war, Dada artists never lost sight of that purpose. ◆ C) Through their anti-art, Dadaists attempted to strengthen their voice in rejecting the war and their society’s support of it. They believed that their art, which challenged artistic conventions, would consequently cause others to challenge societal and political conventions. ◆ D) while Dada art may not have had a tangible effect upon the public’s perception of the war, its long-term effects can be seen in Surrealism, which many vies as an evolution of Dada.
 
 
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Turmoil: a disturbed or chaotic
Movement: a progression in art characterized by similar attributes
Estranged: separated in feeling; alienated
Rationale: a reason
Manifesto: a public declaration of principles
Apathy: an absence of interest
Scorn: a strong disapproval
Censure: to criticize harshly
 
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Q.     Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.
Out of this rejection, Dada was born.
Where would the sentence best fit?
(A)   First square
(B)   Second square
(C)   Third square
(D)   Forth square
 
 
 
 
 



 
 
 
 
 
A> (C)   Third square

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