Refer to the following passage.
What will be "cool" next year? Though it's impossible to predict with certainty, profit-minded fashion designers, music industry executives, and television producers would very much like to have a leg up on their competition. In fact, this ever-accelerating quest to spot trends and trend-setters has spawned a new industry. Trend-analysis experts specialize in predicting what will be in and what will be out. Some firms hire legions of young people to track the interests and fads of their contemporaries. One especially innovative trend-spotting firm uses the Internet to compile massive amounts of data from its informants, known as "feild correspondents"
Q> As used in the passage, spawned most nearly means
(A) paved the way for
(B) illustrated the wisdom of
(C) questioned the necessity of
(D) given rise to
(E) shown the need for